Christopher Townsend’s will can be found on Familysearch.org dated 22 MAR 1809.
You will note that he took special care of his daughter Sarah. He left his son Samuel 60$, his son Darius 40$, and his son Christopher 1$.
I finally found the deed for Darius Townsend’s land purchase in section 4 of Cayuga County (formerly the township of Brutus). This purchase I was unable to find on any grantee index so I had to go through each book of deeds. Each book of deeds on Familysearch.org does have its own Index, usually in the front of the volume. Master indexes were created from the book indexes, so always look for an index in land record volumes before searching through pages of deeds. Unfortunately, the scan of this volume was not adequate to see the entire page number Darius’s deed was located on, so I did end up searching through the 300’s.
Darius bought 60 13/100 acres on 4 FEB 1832 for $502.00 from the Dexter family (Katherine, Franklin, and Samuel W.) who had an attorney out of Pittsfield, Berkshire, MA acting upon their behalf.
This is the land Darius sold months later, by splitting it and selling it to his sons William and Christopher. In July 1834 William bought Christopher’s portion of this land. Better maybe to not be such close neighbors. Christopher remained in Cayuga County until he moved with his family by 1860 to Jackson County Michigan, passing away in Hanover in 1862.
Darius did not own land in Cauyga County until this purchase, so he was farming someone else’s land.
I am convinced now, but without concrete proof, that Darius & Abigail Townsend were the parents of Nathaniel P. Townsend.
Nathaniel was the biological father of my third great-grandmother Mary Alice Cutler Ellison.
Abigail Townsend’s parents were Nathaniel Paddock and Mary Crane. I believe my Nathaniel’s name was Nathaniel Paddock Townsend.
Nathaniel’s first-born son was Darius Townsend.
Below is a copy through familysearch.org of the deed in which Darius sells some of his land to his son William on Christmas Day in 1832. The land was in Conquest, but formerly called Brutus. He sold him the land for 200$. I think he bought 21 acres but it is difficult to read. I am not sure if William paid full real estate value of the time. The area was booming because of the Erie Canal (completed in 1825) and Darius had moved to Cayuga County to work on the canal.
What I cannot find are any records for when Darius purchased all of this land.
Darius Townsend, Private, Company B. Fifth Wisconsin Infantry, volunteer. Son of Nathaniel P. Townsend of Wisconsin. His mother was Betsey A Welch of Cato, Cayuga County, New York.
In the hopes that I might discover what happened to Darius Townsend, I hired a private researcher to go into the Carded Medical Records in Record Group 94 at the National Archives. According to Darius’s Military Service file was in the Newport News, VA General Hospital on June 4, 1862 (on the muster roll as a nurse).
The results of the search are below. You will see his movements were:
May 22, 1862 he was admitted to USA (College) Hospital in Williamsburg, VA
On May 30, 1862 he was sent to USA Hospital (Wheaton) Yorktown, VA (temporary)
Darius is recorded as admitted to Newport News, USA General Hospital, near Fort Monroe VA on June 1, 1862
Then we have a card for him that says he was admitted on October 30, 1862 at the Hampton USA General Hospital in Fort Monroe, VA and returned to duty on December 30, 1862.
You can click below to see the records.
Nathaniel P. Townsend Questions to Answer
Nathaniel was born circa 1814 in New York. I have as of yet, determined who his parents were, but am strongly leaning toward Darius and Abigail Townsend from Bolton, MA removed to Conquest, Cayuga County, New York. Darius died in 1834 in Conquest, but there are no probate records on his death.
Who were N.P. Townsend’s parents?
On 10 Feb 1839, N.P. married Betsey A Welch, the daughter of John Welch and Maria ‘Polly’ Court. They were married in Jordan, Onondaga County, New York by the Reverend William Eddy.
What church was William Eddy associated with?
In 1840, N.P. lived in Conquest, Cayuga County, New York with another male aged between 70 and 79 and two females: one is obviously his wife Betsey and one is under the age of five.
Who was the elderly male and the young girl?
In 1841, Betsey and N.P.’s only son, Darius, was born.
On 28 March 1848, Elizabeth E. Townsend was born to N.P. and Betsey.
Elizabeth’s Birth: http://www.newhorizonsgenealogicalservices.com/ny-birth-cayuga-cato.htm
On 11 April 1848, Betsey dies in Cato, Cayuga County, New York.
On 31 July 1849, N.P. had a child with Mary Eliza Perkins. We can safely assume they were married by then. They didn’t name this child.
What happened to this child? A child of the age to correspond with this birth date never appears again on any records.
Mary Eliza Perkins was the widow of Cyrus James Gleason of Cicero, Onondaga County, New York.
Mary had three known children with Gleason:
Sarah Elizabeth born in 1839.
Lodowiski Lovilla born in 1842.
Edson H. born in 1844.
In 1840, the Gleason family was comprised of two males, one between 10 and 14 and two females, one under age 5 (Sarah Elizabeth).
Who was the young male in this household and what happened to him?
In 1850, N.P. and Mary were living in Milwaukee, Milwaukee County, Wisconsin. N.P. was a cooper by trade. Living with them were:
N.P. had given his infant daughter Elizabeth up to a couple named Samuel H and Amanda (Davis) Cutler, who were living in Elbridge, Onondaga County, New York on the 1850 Census with a young child, now named Mary Alice Cutler. There are no probate guardianship records to reflect this, as control remained with the father. He did not need to go to court to give his child away.
Mary Alice Cutler became Mary Alice Ellison, wife of Benjamin Walker Ellison.
There are lots of questions that come up with this story, aren’t there? Especially, when N.P. remarried so quickly and had more children.
Charles Nathaniel Townsend was born in 1851 to N.P. and Mary. Charles married Minerva Freelove Barden and they resided for some time in the state of Washington. Charles was living in Lamoni, Decatur, Iowa in 1925.
Where/when did Charles die?
Adonirum Elnathan Townsend was born 2 April 1854 to N.P. and Mary. Adonirum married Josephine Hannah Shafer in Iowa. They moved to Washtenaw County, Michigan and Adonirum died in Ypsilanti, Michigan in 1904.
In 1855 N.P. was on the Wisconsin State Census in Wauwatosa Township, Milwaukee County.
On 2 April 1857 N.P. buys 80 acres of land in Waupaca County, Wisconsin.
Eliza Jennie Townsend was born June 1860 to N.P. and Mary. She first married Charles Marsh then Riley Isaac Glazier in Ashton, Osceola County, Iowa in 1889. She died in 1926 in Sibley, Osceola County, Iowa.
On the 1860 US Census, N.P. was living in Farmington, Waupaca County, WI with:
Eliza J., one month
On 10 June 1861, Darius joined Company B, 5th Wisconsin Infantry.
In the summer of 1862, Darius disappeared. Military records conflict. He was listed as discharged due to disability after being left in Williamsburg, VA after the Battle of Williamsburg in May 1862 then listed as being a deserter in August of 1862.
N.P. told the Federal Government on a pension application that Darius was reported to him as having been killed at the Battle of Antietam in September of 1862.
Darius disappears entirely from historical/genealogical records in 1862.
With the help of Archivists, I am working on this mystery.
Can you shed any light?
On 6 August 1861, Edson joined Company A, 8th Wisconsin Infantry. He also served in the 1st Wisconsin Heavy Artillery. Edson survived the war.
On the 1870 US Census, N.P. lived in Farmington still with:
Eliza J., 9
In 1875, N.P. was listed in Appleton, Outagamie County, on the Wisconsin State Census. He was living with one other male and two females.
On the 1880 US Census, NP was 66 years old and living in Grand Chute, Outagamie, Wisconsin as a farmer. Only Mary lived with him at this time.
On 4 Jan 1888, Mary Eliza died in Ashton, Osceola County, Iowa.
What happened to N.P.?
I searched the microfilm death records of Osceola County, Iowa between the years 1880 and 1941. Only the record for Mary can be located.
I don’t think N.P. died in Osceola County, Iowa.
Any help anyone can offer me in answering the above questions would be greatly appreciated!
Darius Townsend was the only full biological brother of Mary Alice Cutler Ellison. His father Nathaniel P Townsend applied for a Civil War pension on the behalf of his supposed deceased son Darius. According to his father, Darius was killed in action at the Battle of Antietam in September of 1862. According to the government, Darius was discharged and/or deserted in October 1862. But since he never returned home and was never heard from ever again, it is safe to assume that his father had the correct information.
You will note that Nathaniel lists Darius only other family member as being: Alice Allison (sic).
Click below to view:
Mary Alice Ellison was born 28 MAR 1848 in Cato, Cayuga County to Nathaniel P. Townsend and Betsey Welch.
Her birth name was Elizabeth (Betsey) Townsend. She had one brother at the time of her birth, Darius Townsend. Darius served in the Civil War for the Wisconsin 5th Infantry. He was born circa 1841 in New York.
The Cutler family and the Townsend family had many associations in Cayuga County and Onondaga County. They formed business relationships and they married each other.
Somehow, Samuel H Cutler and his wife Amanda Davis ended up with Elizabeth Townsend and they re-named her Mary Alice Cutler. Mary Alice is living with them in Elbridge, Onondaga County, New York in 1850. I have searched and searched the Surrogate Court records for this transaction and have not found it. Since, the father was alive at the time of the adoption, I don’t think they needed to go to court.
Nathaniel P. Townsend re-married very quickly to Mary Eliza Perkins (1849.) Mary Eliza was the widow of Cyrus James Gleason of Cicero, Onondaga County, New York. Cyrus and Mary had three children: Sarah Elizabeth (b.1839), Lodawiski Lovilla (1842-1922), and Edson H. (1844-1880). These children stayed with their mother and step-father and are listed on the censuses with them, sometimes as Townsend’s.
Nathaniel and Mary Eliza moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin by 1850. They had four children together. One of them was born in Cato, New York on 31 JUL 1849 and is listed as unnamed. I have a feeling this child died. The other three children were: Charles Nathaniel (b. 1851), Adonirum Elnathan (1854-1904) and Jennie Eliza (1860-1926.) The Townsend family lived in Wisconsin for many years.
You have to be very careful when looking on ancestry.com about this family as people are listing the children with the wrong parents.
Nathaniel died sometime after 1880 (approx. 1894) in Ashton, Osceola County, Iowa where his daughter Jennie was living (Jennie Glazier.) There is a lot yet for me to learn about this Nathaniel P. Townsend- including who his parents were.
When Mary Alice died, her son listed her parents as being:
N.P. Townsend and B. A. Court
Which is partially true.
Her mother was Betsey A. Welch, the daughter of Maria Polly Court and John Welch. When Polly Welch died in 1863, she left her grandchildren Darius and Elizabeth (Betsey) Townsend some money. Maria Polly Court was the daughter of John Court and Lydia Wright of Cato, Cayuga County, New York. This mistake of using the Court name, as the mother’s maiden name, is actually the only reason I was able to figure this mystery out. A very good mistake indeed.
Below are a selection of the papers from Polly Welch’s estate file in Cayuga County, New York: